(Info) Land Holdings in Bundelkhand

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Bundelkhand

Land Holdings

Land Holdings in Bundelkhand

Size of operational (cultivated) land holdings is a basic factor affecting agricultural production, especially in absence of advanced cultivation technologies. In India as a whole, marginal holdings of less than 1 hectare (ha) accounted for 60% of all holdings but only 20% of total cultivated area in 2001-02 (see Table 2 below).  On the other hand, holdings above 2 hectares accounted for only around 20% of all holdings but 60% of cultivated area, with holdings above 10 hectares accounting for just 1% of holdings, but 12% of area.

Distribution of operational holdings in Bundelkhand in 2001-02 followed this pattern, with some significant differences. In all Bundelkhand districts except Jalaun, Banda and Chitrakoot, the percentage of marginal holdings was lower than the India average (Table 1 below). In MP Bundelkhand as a whole, marginal holdings accounted for 40% of all holdings (Table 2).

The percentage of small and semi medium holdings of 1-2 hectares and 2-4 hectares respectively was correspondingly higher than the India average, particularly in Lalitpur, Mahoba and Hamirpur districts and all of MP Bundelkhand. The percentage of medium holdings of 4 to 10 hectares was around double the India average in Datia and Sagar.

Table 1: UP Bundelkhand distribution of operational holding categories (2001-02)

 

Marginal
(<1 ha)

Small
(1-2 ha)

Semi medium
(2-4 ha)

Medium
(4-10 ha)

Large
(>10 ha)

% of
total
holdings

% of
total
area

% of
total
holdings

% of
total
area

% of
total
holdings

% of
total
area

% of
total
holdings

% of
total
area

% of
total
holdings

% of
total
area

Jhansi

54

19

23

22

15

27

7

27

Neg

4

Lalitpur

42

13

34

29

17

27

7

22

1

8

Jalaun

59

18

19

19

13

27

8

31

1

5

Hamirpur

48

14

27

23

15

24

9

30

1

8

Mahoba

50

15

24

20

16

25

9

32

1

8

Banda

59

18

20

20

13

26

7

28

1

7

Chitrakoot

62

20

20

21

11

22

6

24

1

12

UP Bundelkhand

54

17

24

22

14

26

7

28

1

7

UP

77

36

14

24

6

22

2

14

Neg

3

Table 2: MP Bundelkhand distribution of operational holding categories (2001-02)

 

Marginal
(<1 ha)

Small
(1-2 ha)

Semi medium
(2-4 ha)

Medium
(4-10 ha)

Large
(>10 ha)

% of
total
holdings

% of
total
area

% of
total
holdings

% of
total
holdings

% of
total
holdings

% of
total
holdings

% of
total
holdings

% of
total
holdings

% of
total
holdings

% of
total
holdings

Datia

40

11

25

17

21

28

12

33

2

10

Chhatarpur

35

10

32

23

21

27

10

29

2

11

Tikamgarh

45

15

28

25

19

32

7

24

1

4

Panna

42

11

28

22

19

28

10

30

1

8

Damoh

47

13

24

18

17

24

10

31

2

14

Sagar

39

10

28

19

19

24

11

31

2

16

MP Bundelkhand

40

11

28

21

19

27

10

30

2

11

MP

39

9

26

17

20

25

12

33

2

15

India

60

18

20

20

12

24

6

25

1

12

Source: Agriculture Census Input Survey 2001-02, Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India. Percentages derived from absolute figures and rounded off to nearest integer. Neg= < 1%

Data from the Agriculture Census Input Survey 2001-02 (Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India) shows that while average size of holdings of all size categories in India was 1.39 hectares, it was higher in all districts of Bundelkhand, at 1.48 hectares in Chitrakoot to 1.71 hectares in Lalitpur, in UP Bundelkhand, and 1.6 hectares in Tikamgarh to 2.13 hectares in Sagar, in MP Bundelkhand.

In comparison, the average size of holdings of all categories in UP as a whole was much lower, at 0.8 hectares; in MP Bundelkhand districts the average was lower than  the MP state average of 2.19 hectares.

Data in the two tables shows that medium and large holdings account for 30% to 45% of area of all holdings across Bundelkhand districts. Theoretically, a larger holding should enable greater capital formation and greater investment in production-enhancing use of fertilisers, improved seeds and modern agriculture equipment. However, due to inherently unfavourable conditions for agriculture in much of the region, this is not seen in Bundelkhand.

As in the rest of India, size of land holdings is closely related to caste in Bundelkhand.

Courtesy : bundelkhandinfo.org

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