Ken-Betwa project : Agenda of politics?
It was late evening. Chotepur village in poll-bound Uttar
Pradesh’s Banda district was packing up for the day but a few residents were
still on the banks of the Ken – the village’s lifeline – to discuss India’s
first river linking programme, the Ken-Betwa project, and their future.
“I heard that the government is planning to divert water from
Ken to Betwa in Madhya Pradesh. Is this true?” Atiq Sheikh, a 36-year-old daily
wage labourer, asked his neighbour Indresh Manjhi.
“I heard about it at the collectorate,” said the 65-year-old
Manjhi, the village’s resident poet and a marginal farmer. “If this happens, we
will die of thirst and hunger. As it is, illegal sand mining has changed Ken’s
course and destroyed its banks where we grow watermelon, muskmelon and
As the country’s most populous state gets into campaign-mode
for the 2017 assembly polls, illegal sand mining and the Ken-Betwa project are
bound to figure prominently on the agenda of political rivals – If not for the
merits of the project, then surely for the controversies swirling around it.
On July 28, the Allahabad High Court stopped sand mining and
directed the CBI to investigate the illegal business in the state. In September,
chief minister Akhilesh Yadav sacked state mining minister Gayatri Prajapati
over allegations of his involvement in illegal mining.
Recently, BJP president Amit Shah said: “If illegal mining is
stopped in Bundelkhand, every person here can possess a Maruti car.”
Chotepur’s residents allege all political parties and local
policemen were involved in illegal sand mining and their rapacious practices not
only destroyed the ecology but the mafia had stopped their access to the river.
“The court stopped sand mining but we have a new problem,”
Sheikh added angrily. “No one told us about the Ken-Betwa project. But then who
cares about us?”
The linking project envisages diversion of surplus water from
Ken basin to water-deficit Betwa basin. The idea was first mooted in 1982 but
the real push came during the Vajpayee government, which planned to connect 14
Himalayan and 16 peninsular rivers by 30 canals and 3,000 reservoirs to irrigate
87 million hectares of land and produce 34 gigawatt of hydroelectricity.
A MoU was signed in 2005 between the Centre and the two
states to start work on the project. The Ken-Betwa link is now Union water
resources minister and Jhansi MP Uma Bharti’s dream project.
According to the National Water Development Agency, the
project will provide irrigation, domestic and industrial water supply and power
to Chhatarpur, Panna and Tikamgarh (MP) and Mahoba, Jhansi and Banda (UP).
These six districts and seven others in the two states form
the Bundelkhand region, which has been drought-hit for the last six years.
Estimated to cost Rs 7,615 crore, the project has got clearance from the
National Board for Wildlife and is awaiting environmental clearance.
There are several criticisms of the project: First, Ken is
not water surplus. “Ken is not a perennial river and so does not have excess
water and the threat of flooding, which the government is using as a ruse, is
only there for three months during peak rainy seasons,” explained Ashish Sagar,
a Banda-based activist.
He alleged that the BJP is pushing this project because it
wants to get Rajput and Kshatriya votes of Jhansi by promising drinking water.
Uma Bharti is a Lodh Rajput.
Second, the river flows 60 to 70 feet lower than the Betwa
and at least 30% of the 78 MW that would be generated by the proposed hydro-
project would be used for pumping the water up.
Third, India does not need so much hydropower. “India is
planning to add 1 lakh MW of solar power. Where is the need for additional
hydro-power at huge environmental and social costs?” asked Manoj Misra, who
heads the Yamuna Jiye Abhiyaan.
Fourth, the tiger lobby is opposing it because it will
submerge 10% of the Panna Tiger Reserve (Ken flows through it) to build the
Daudhan Dam on Ken, which will divert the water.
“There is a functional British-era dam at Daudhan. Why do we
need another?” asked Sagar. For the BJP, however, the river linking programme
will be a big election promise.
On October 24, Prime Minister Narendra Modi started the
campaign in Banda’s neighbouring Mahoba district where he complimented Uma
Bharti for her interest in the project and said it will end water crisis in the
Courtesy: Hindustan Times