Organic Farming helps Farmers Increase Their Resilience to
Mathuralal Patel is not sure why someone in New Delhi or
Mumbai would prefer vegetables from his farm to his neighbour's, but he knows
that the way he grows
is good for his soil.
Using organic fertilisers, he says, helps increase the
fertility of his soil, while using too many chemical fertilisers degrades the
land's soil quality.
For Patel, a farmer in the Bundelkhand region of Central
India, organic farming increases his resilience to respond to the risk of
climate variability. Over 70 per cent of the population in this region relies on
predominantly rain fed agriculture for their subsistence.
While the threat of drought has always loomed over this
semi-arid region, farmers and scientific experts worry that climate change may
make drought conditions even more common in the future thereby increasing food
insecurity and migration rates.
From field trials conducted in arid, semi-arid, sub-humid and
humid regions of India, Navdanya, a research organisation found that organic
farming techniques can improve soil carbon levels by five per cent to 25 per
cent and increase the water holding capacity of soils between two per cent to 17
Courtesy : Zee News